Pathology Of The Extra and intracranial Vessels

In all patients with symptoms and signs suggestive of acute cerebrovascular disease, other diagnoses should be excluded and the diagnosis of cerebrovascular disease should be confirmed with identification of stroke subtype.

The echocolor Doppler of the extra cranial and intracranial arteries are noninvasive imaging tests to explore the extra and intracranial vessels.

In particular the echocolor Doppler of the extracranial arteries is performed to have information about the degree of stenosis, the composition/surface of the carotid plaque, to determine the pathology and to select patients who may require medical therapy, carotid endarterectomy or angioplasty and stenting.

The echocolor Doppler of the intracranial arteries is able to detect, in real time, the site of the intracranial stenosis/occlusion and may be crucial to establish the type of acute therapy.

In these lessons the role of the echocolor Doppler is presented for the diagnosis of the main atherosclerotic and non-atherosclerotic pathologies and in the acute phase of stroke.

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